Service Oriented Collective Intelligence (Language Grid)
To increase the accessibility and usability of online language services, this talk explains the Language Grid, which facilitates the creation of composite language services for various intercultural collaboration activities. The Language Grid is an initiative to build an infrastructure that allows end users to create new language services for their intercultural / multilingual activities. To this end, language resources (including data and programs) are wrapped as web services so that users can easily combine these services to create workflows that suit their own activities. Thus, the Language Grid can be seen as collective intelligence based on language services. The Language Grid is called "horizontal," when the grid connects standard languages, or "vertical," when the grid combines the language services generated by communities. There are four types of stakeholders in the Language Grid: Language Resource Provider, Computation Resource Provider, Language Service User, and Language Grid Operator (who coordinates the other stakeholders). Though there can be various operation models for the Language Grid, we propose a non-profit operation model in this talk. This model limits the usage of language services solely to non-profit operations, tries to match the incentives of stakeholders, and manages various issues associated with intellectual property rights, user privacy, and operation costs.